14 December, 2016
However, V2V also could eliminate or reduce the severity of 80% of non-impaired light-vehicle crashes annually, says NHTSA Administrator Mark Rosekind. "What V2V does is give drivers 360-degree awareness to avoid collisions". "And we plan to work with the current administration, the incoming administration and Congress on these issues".
Drivers would be able to shut off impending-crash alerts in their own vehicles, but the broadcasts to other vehicles would be automatic, according to the proposal. Foxx says that the new system could potentially grant any auto and driver with a full, 360-degree awareness of their environment and other vehicles in it, as well as other factors like pedestrians entering a turner's blindspot, or areas where obstacles or other vehicles may block a driver's view of the stretch of road that they intend to either get onto or cross over.
"With more than 35,000 fatalities in motor vehicle crashes a year ago, we are glad to see the Department of Transportation recognizing the role that safety technologies, such as vehicle-to-vehicle communications, can play in improving road safety", said David Strickland, general counsel of the Self-Driving Coalition for Safer Streets, the autonomous vehicle advocacy organization. It also would be able to "see" around corners and anticipate problems developing many vehicles ahead.
The technology, known in the industry as V2V, could also be combined with automated driving technologies to provide better and quicker responses that would be possible by relying on radar and cameras.
All new light-duty vehicles would be required within four years to be equipped with so-called vehicle-to-vehicle communication systems.
"We are encouraged that NHTSA is taking the concerns raised by our petition seriously, and is asking essential questions about privacy, cybersecurity, and the potential negative impacts of DSRC as it moves forward with its mandate".
"Today's announcement Is another step in our continuing effort to improve safety and advanced innovation", said Foxx.
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NHTSA estimates the V2V technology will add about $341 to $350 to the cost of a vehicle in 2020, dropping to an eventual $209 to $235 by 2058.
Little changes can have big effects on the aggregate: Researchers have estimated that two people in the USA die every day in crashes that involve drivers running red lights.
The proposed rule contemplates privacy issues and cybersecurity, the officials say, because information sent between vehicles does not identify anyone and messages contain only safety data such as location, speed, direction and braking status. The officials were less specific about how the data might or might not be available for use by law enforcement (such as for speed limit enforcement). It sets the bar high in respect to preserving a data spectrum for safety communications.
Both lawmakers raised the issue of the FCC ensuring that the 5.9 GHz band of spectrum - already allocated for the Dedicated Short-Range Communications (DSRC) radios that will be used for V2V technology - won't be impeded by potential sharing of the band with unlicensed Wi-Fi devices.
The highest ranking Democrat on the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, Representative Peter DeFazio of OR, said in an e-mailed statement the technology would also decrease traffic congestion and create jobs.
The Alliance of Automobile Manufactures is reviewing the proposal, but they see V2V as a complementary feature to the upcoming safety rules coming to vehicles.